Wednesday, May 09, 2007

Story-Centered eLearning

Everyone needs a touchstone. Something or someone you turn to when trying to determine what is authentic, what is a good decision, what is the right thing to do. With regard to how people learn, a question I grapple with every day, Roger Schank is my touchstone. His advocacy of a story-centered curriculum (SCC) really resonates with me and I try to introduce such an approach, whenever possible, into the eLearning projects on which I work. SCC is based on the idea that people learn best via direct experience (aka "learning by doing"), and that we should provide learners with realistic scenarios and projects that can facilitate such experiential learning.

Roger has a long and distinguished career in academe, and was the founder of the Institute for the Learning Sciences at Northwestern University. He also has a long and distinguished career in railing against the prevailing education system that is based on passive memorization and regurgitation through testing. Roger founded Socratic Arts, a company that helps its clients develop story-based curricula, and also founded Engines for Education, a non-profit organization developing a story-centered high school curriculum.

In a high school environment, for example, a story-centered curriculum may have students learning about the principles of physics by building a bridge or designing a sail boat for speed. Likewise, they may learn about certain ethical principles by participating in a mock legal trial. The idea is that the traditional approach of compartmentalizing everything into "topics" to be "covered" has the effect of fragmenting knowledge and stripping it of its context (not to mention making it as boring as watching paint dry!).

I first heard Roger speak at a distance education conference in Wisconsin back in 1996. He can be bombastic and abrasive, but he is also what I consider a breath of fresh air. Roger says that although the world has changed radically in the last century, the traditional model of education (from primary school through graduate school) has remained fairly constant. As he puts it, "Professors talk, students take notes, then there is a test." Not surprisingly, many students are not very engaged at school at all. They may go through the motions to "get the marks," but they see it as a game, something to be endured to get the sought-after piece of paper, not necessarily an experience that truly motivates them to grow, experiment and learn.

Likewise, I think much of what passes for workplace training is an equally passive and unengaging experience. Only in this case, it is trainers talk, trainees take notes, and there is a test. And this is as true of in-person training, as it is of most training programs delivered via eLearning. However, a story-centered approach can work equally as well for training as it can for education.

So next time you are approaching an eLearning development project, think of the various creative ways that you can bring the learning to life by wrapping it in a story. For example, have:
  • Salespeople learn the sales process through experiencing realistic virtual sales situations;
  • Employees learn about correct emergency procedures by placing them in virtual emergency situations and having them make choices and seeing the immediate results of those decisions;
  • Managers learn how to properly manage harassment complaints by placing them in the middle of realistic, emotionally-charged scenarios and having to react to these.
Stories facilitate active learning. eLearning developers often start with the idea of gathering a bunch of related topics end to end, presenting these, and testing on this. Instead, maybe we should think of ourselves as script writers creating realistic situations in which learners can immerse themselves. They can make choices, screw up, try again, and learn the key lessons without consciously realizing that they are learning. That's when learning is the most fun and the most effective. And, after all, that's how we learn in the real world.

30 Comments:

Blogger B.J. said...

I had the pleasure of seeing Roger speak at the Training2006 conference. He definitely does push peoples' buttons, but he makes excellent points. And I do strongly support the idea of story-centered curriculums. It makes the learning much more interesting and engaging, and I've heard several sources indicate that it leads to better overall retention and transfer.

B.J. Schone
http://www.elearningweekly.com/

9:24 AM  
Blogger Rick Nigol said...

Amen to that B.J.!

Rick

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Blogger Terri Lakin said...

This is interesting. I work for company that supplies e-learning courses (www.mindleadersuk.co.uk)and feel that they are done in a way that the customer can gain the full benefit from them. Check out our blogs at: www.mindleadersuk.blogspot.com

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7:03 AM  
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首都圏を中心とした風俗店情報。女の子の写真、体験レポート等。首都圏の風俗店情報を地域別、業種別に掲載。 体験取材、マンガ、ムービー、グラビア、 風俗嬢検索、割引情報など風俗関連情報が満載です。 [ モバイルはこちら] ムービー柏 デリヘル情報ウェブサイト「風俗ちゃんねる」巣鴨 赤羽 デリヘルでは、サイト閲覧者に適切な情報を提供するため、当サイトへの店舗情報掲載に関し、多摩 八王子 デリヘル以下の事項に該当する店舗は掲載できません。 ... 新橋 デリヘル写真、テキストなど「風俗ちゃんねる」上に掲載する掲載情報が西船橋 風俗 デリヘル日本国の法律に違反していない新小岩 小岩 デリヘル元来の「風俗」の意味は、一般市民の日常生活の特色や世相などを府中 立川 デリヘル表す意味であるが、こんにち、古くからの生活上の成田 デリヘル習わしやしきたりが失われていく反面で性風俗に関しては、吉原 ソープ当初、業界内とその周囲だけで通用していた用例が、マスコミでもその意味で用いられることにより、厚木 デリヘル社会的にも広く認知された状況下にある。このため、現在において、単に葛西 西葛西 デリヘル「風俗」というと「性風俗」を意味することも増えてきており、目黒 デリヘル「風俗嬢」という言葉さえ生まれている。こんにちでは、使用する時と場所を誤り、秋葉原 神田 デリヘル不用意にこの語を用いると、意に反した誤解を受ける場合も少なくない。松戸 デリヘル風俗嬢の仕事は肉体労働であると同時に、蒲田 大森 デリヘル感情労働の要素も強い。感情労働とは社会学者の日暮里 西日暮里 デリヘルホックシールド(Arlie Russell Hochschild)が提唱した労働のあり方で、相手に感謝や安心の気持ちを引き起こすために、池袋駅西口の風俗「公的に観察可能な表情や身体的表現をつくるために行う感情の管理」と定義される。市川 浦安 デリヘル風俗情報サイト「@風俗」は成人向け風俗情報(風俗店、風俗嬢、風俗情報サイト、品川 デリヘル風俗系ランキングなど)をカテゴリ別に掲載するポータルサイトです。相模原 町田 デリヘル風俗検索サイト「風俗じゃぱん」は日本全国の風俗情報を日本地図から亀戸 錦糸町 デリヘル簡単に探せて便利です。割引クーポンを使って格安で遊べます。ソープ、湯島 上野 デリヘルデリヘル、ヘルス、ピンサロなど他にも全ジャンル完全網羅!国分寺 吉祥寺 デリヘル風俗情報を地図から探せる総合情報サイト! 全国各地域をエリア別に地図から探せ、デリヘル・ホテヘル・千葉 デリヘルソープランドなどのオススメ情報が充実!! 池袋駅東口の風俗さらに、割引や動画もあり見どころ満載です。 風俗情報を探すのに迷ったならFUU-MAP、オススメサイト様. 風俗五番街 ・ 五反田 デリヘル現代風俗スペシャルナビ ・ 根岸 鶯谷 デリヘルデリヘル情報 ランキングサイト ・ 日刊ゲイ新聞(日ゲイ) ポータルサイト ・ ニューハーフポータルサイト ・ 大塚 デリヘルACE風俗、最強風俗店情報サイト!! 新着情報 ・ サイトの登録金町 北千住 デリヘル全国のデリバリーヘルスを中心とした風俗店の紹介。地域別、業種別に検索。 ... 風俗コミュニティはYahoo!JAPAN掲載サイトです. 上記のポータルサイトに風俗店の情報を無料で掲載することができます。 携帯サイト(メールで送信)

4:15 AM  

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